ʻԵϣ˼ά˼뽻ʻеġӢѧ˹D.A. Wilkins˵û﷨΢ûдʻ㣬Ϊ㣨Without grammar, very little can be conveyed, without vocabulary, nothing can be conveyed.ʻѧ˵øֱӣһѧѧϰڶԣ﷨ѧöôãյöôƯûдʻ壬Խʾʵ֡ɴ˿ɼʻӢѧеҪڣһմʻĶѡιֱӰԱӰ˼ķḻ׼ȷ̶ȡ

Ȼڴʻѧоȴ٣Cater1987:145ʻһӵ“ҹ”60“ҹ”ʼѧǵĹעⷽоࡣУ1998оΪѧߴᳫȻϰۣйѧѧϰʱۣҲδ£ΪйѧϰͳѧϰΪͬˣйӢѧйĹ飬ƣȫܱ̽˵Ĺ۵㡣ͬʱʦܽǵʵȫѧʹʻʼͣһԷĽ׶Ρ෴ʦͨڴʻѧ֪ʶ似ɣʹѧڼǵʵĹвҪ¿๦ҪɹַΪ䣬ﵽõļЧõʻӢˮƽ2011桶Ӣγ̱׼ҪСѧҵʱﵽ׼ѧϰ600-700ʼ50ҵϰ400ҵĵʱ涨ػ⡣ĸش桶Ӣ̲ġԼһߵʵܣԲִʻܽһЩѧʹ㡣

һ뷨

뷨ǵзɢ˼άȥѰʻĹԣʹʻ󻯣ԽĬȤĵŽѧʱѧԽѧϰ䡣

Ĭ룺longģڽʱ뵽ƴ“long”Ǻܳģchangeı䣬ʹ仯ֽƴ “chang+e”϶𣩣over뵽۾Գٻ㱨ʱ˵yes over buy򣩶ͬbye-byeټ뵽buy궫Ӧò˵byeټPotatoֽ poƣtatoͷͷplaneɻ→ planƻɻϵĶ죨eˣ˳˿˯ļƻtimeʱ䣩ֽtiƴ“”+ meң“ʱ”ˣְ־ͻңwarmůֽwarս mûսʱûůԡʻ㾭ӹԵüȷȤֺüǡ

룺ѧкܶ൥ʿԿӣ滻ĸ뵽ʻ㣬׼סƵĵʣ磺night lightƣrightұߣг뿪ƿУdriver˾riverӣ“˾”ӣgraintrain𳵣rain꣩װĻǰУboatСgoatɽcoatףСһֻɽźÿף ear䣩hearheartࣩöܹblueɫglueˮ ɫ“ˮ”

룺rightұߵģleftߵģeasyףhard ѵģdifficultѵģvegetable뵽veV.E.άE+ getõ+ ableܹܹ߲еõάEڽbake桢䣬ںߣlakemake⣨cake濾 bakeԣ˯ʱ뵽bedbedroomgo to bedsleepgo to sleepfall asleepȵȡĺôǼѧ´ʣָϰǰѧĴʣ¹ʶ֪µá

г

гָСѧѾϤĺΪӢﵥʵĶעͣѧ϶ʻ㡣ʦôַڵʿԱѧƴעʶѧ϶ʵ׼ȷԡȤζԡ磺candyǹг“”ܳǹԼˮmanˣг “”18“”ˣmyҵģԶг“”ԼĶȻ“ҵ” yellowɫģг“Ҷ”Ҷ˾ͱ“ɫ” whichĸԶг“β” “ĸ”ŷŵIJβhow muchǮг“”к“Ǯ” funnyȤг“”Ȥ

ͬ

ָͬͬʷǵʣѰӢͬͬĴʻ㣬ѧϰ˴ʱҲѧϰ˱˴ʣ˴ʻƩ磺noknoweye Iseeseawriterighttotootwosunsonfourforhearhereweek weakhighhitheretheirwherewearmeetmeatbuybyebyourhourȵȡ

ġ뷨

뷨ָԶַԶγɵĵʡִһһ»ѧʱѧȤѧ׼ǡ磺tank̹ˣ disco˹ƣsaladɫradar״cardƬMax˹Stanley˹̹Lucy¶ talk-showѿ㣩busʿsofaɳlemonʣcanteenhamburger pizzacofeeȣjacketпˣnew yorkŦԼtyphoon̨磩vitaminάȵȡ

塢νϷ

ӢʻѧУνϷõñȽ϶ķ֮һҪѧɴʣƴIJֶ״´֮ͬԱ϶´ʣﵽΪѧѧϰʻĿġ磺capʱȳʾɴcatѧҳƵ㣬Ȼʦ㲦һĸP[p] ʱ󲿷ѧܽcapһ´ȷͬڽlook/cookʱȳʾbookһʡ磺fanԶƴ“fan”ͬ banklanpsandlipmissinkpinklinkȵе»ֶ߲Զƴڵ㲦ѧܺ׵϶䵥ʡ

෨ָǰѲͬĵʰijһйֱԽѧķСѧ̲жijһ⣨⣩ֹ࣬磺ʾɫ/岿λ/ˮ///ѧ///˶///߲/ʳ/;/·ݵĵʶԽйѧȫġϵͳİһЩĴʻһѧԴѧѧϰʻЧʡ

ߡ龰ѧ

龰ѧһͨijضȥѧ䵥ʵķֻ֪ǻеȥ̵ʱϵĵʣ̽Ƿdzͷζģһѧѧĵ׾ˡʱǾͿԴ龰ôʻij龰УѧõķΧѧϰʻ㡣磺ѧϰ sports meetʱͿ԰ѧ˶ʵ˶Ľнѧʦѧ˵“please pass me the ball/basketball/ Volleyball/football”ظκѧȻ˵ͬĶܺõմʻʵ塣

ˡʷ

ʷֿԷΪʸ׺ϳɷʸ/׺ָһʸ/׺Ϊнѧиôʸ/׺Ĵʡϳɷ˼ϵĵ϶ɵ´ʡСѧӢѧУʸ/׺õý٣teacher/ farmer er׺ʾ“…”ϳɷõý϶࣬µʶĵ϶´ʣ

schoolbag/snowman/blackboard/classroom/bed room/playgroundȵȡ

ԲͬҪDZоܵòͬĽѧfamilyοøϵͼⷨݻԶϷֱ۽ѧʹʦĽѧѧõķΧнУﵽ߽ѧЧʵĿġ